烷、烯、炔之碳-氧鍵結與紅外線光譜(infrared spectroscopy of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and hydrocarbon)

碳氧鍵結型式
振動型態
頻率(cm-1)
強度
(alkanes)
C-H
延展(stretching)
2850~3000
CH2
彎曲(bending)
1450~1465
CH3
彎曲(bending)
13751450
弱到中
(alkenes)
C-H
延展(stretching)
3000~3100
弱到中
C=H
延展(stretching)
1600~1680
弱到中
(alkynes)
C-H
延展(stretching)
3300
弱到中
CC
延展(stretching)
2100~2260
弱到中


正辛烷紅外線光譜圖(n-octane IR)
環戊烯紅外線光譜圖(cyclopentene IR)
1-辛炔紅外線光譜圖(1-octyne IR)
參見:
 紅外線光譜(infrared spectroscopy)
  官能基與紅外線光譜的關係(relation between functional group and infrared spectroscopy)
  烷、烯、炔之碳-氧鍵結與紅外線光譜(infrared spectroscopy of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and hydrocarbon)
   苯及其延伸物鍵結與紅外線光譜(infrared spectroscopy of benzene and its derivations)
   醇類鍵結與紅外線光譜(infrared spectroscopy of alcohol)
   酯類鍵結與紅外線光譜(infrared spectroscopy of ehters)
   胺類鍵結與紅外線光譜(infrared spectroscopy of amines)
   醛類、酮類鍵結與紅外線光譜(infrared spectroscopy of aldehydes and ketones)
   羧酸、酯類、醯胺辨別之紅外線光譜吸收(infrared spectroscopy absorption of carboxlic, esters and amide)
  分子振動(molecule vibration)

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