法學英文-刑法、Legal English-Criminal law

以下法學英文中常用的刑法單字,以美國法的用語為主,部分為台灣法律英文版所採用的用詞,而中文解釋採用中華民國(台灣)用語。
Words below are common used words in criminal law. They are mainly based on USA law, and some of them are from English version of Taiwan law. While the Chinese words based on Taiwan (Republic of China) law.
crimes
犯罪
illegal act
違法行為
public offense
功罪
compulsive
強制性規定
intent act
故意行為
act of negligence
過失行為
death penalty
死刑
capital punishment
死刑
imprisonment
監禁
fine
罰金
removal from office
免除公職
disqualification of honor
免除享有權利
disqualification of trust
免除信託
disqualificaiton of profit
免除收益資格
statutory offense
法定罪行
Model Penal Code
標準刑法典
elements of crimes
構成要件
Nulla poena sine lege
罪刑法定原則
objective elements
客觀要件
subjective elements
主觀要件
mens rea
主觀犯意
guilty mind
主觀犯意
intention
犯罪意圖
intent
故意
reckless
輕率/無認識過失
negligent
過失
direct intention
直接過失
indirect intention
間接過失
actus res
犯罪行為
guilty act
犯罪行為
act
作為
omission
不作為
possession
持有
actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea
犯罪行為需源於犯意
fault
不法性
wrongdoingness
不法性
culpability
可責性
culpable
可責的
blameworthiness
有責的可罰性
controband
違禁品
drugs
毒品
smugglings
走私
causality
因果關係
actor
行為人
criminal liability
犯罪責任
minors
未成年
mistake
錯誤
insanity
精神疾病
drunkenness
醉態
involuntariness
非自願行為
self-defense
自衛
necessity
必要性
justifiable defense
正當防衛
emergency avoidance
緊急避難
entrapment
警察圈套
types of crimes
罪刑類別
felony
重罪
misdemeanor
輕罪
first degree of crimes
一級犯罪
second degree of crimes
二級犯罪
offense against the person
侵犯人身罪
offense against the property
侵犯財產罪
criminal homicide
殺人罪
felony-murder
重罪謀殺
reckless murder
義憤謀殺
manslaughter
非預謀殺人
voluntary manslaughter
非預謀故意殺人
involuntary manslaughter
過失殺人
misdemeanor manslaughter
輕罪殺人
physical injury
傷害罪
assault
恐嚇罪行
battery
傷害
physical contact
身體接觸
mayhem
重傷害
dismenberment
斷肢
diablement
殘廢
disfigurement
毀容
rape
強制性交
crime of compulsory sexula intercourse
強制性交
disfunction
功能受損
larceny
偷盜罪
physical characteristics
財產的性質
values
價值
burglary
入室竊盜罪
invasion to certain physical space
物理空間的入侵
embezzlement
侵占
solomy
雞姦
incest
亂倫/血親性交
arson
縱火罪
fiancial crimes
財經犯罪
fraud
詐欺
corrupton
貪汙
bribery
賄賂
robbery
強盜
libel
誹謗
defame
名譽受損
punishment
刑罰
sentence
刑罰
sentence suspension
緩刑
conviction
判決/定讞
crime correction system
犯罪矯正制度
deprivation of abilities
剝奪犯罪能力
penitentiary
教養所
incarceration
監禁
castration
去世
bail
假釋
parole
假釋
acquittal
無罪判決/不起訴
homicide victim
被害人
malice
惡意/預謀
malicious act
惡意行為
deliberate intention
故意
commit a crime
犯罪
criminology
犯罪學
element of crime
犯罪要件
organized crime
組織犯罪
criminal action
刑事訴訟
criminal contempt
藐視法庭罪
the accused
刑事被告
abetment
教唆/慫恿
abet
教唆
abettor
教唆犯/慫恿者
absentee
失蹤者
child abuse
虐待兒童
sexual abuse
性侵害
accessory act
從犯行為
accomplice
共犯/同謀
abduct
綁架
abductor
綁架者
principle offender
正犯
criminal conversation
通姦罪
criminal coviction
刑事定罪
criminal defense attorney
刑事辯護律師
crimianl evidence
犯罪證據
crimnal investigation
刑事偵查
criminal jurisdiction
刑事管轄
criminal proceedings
刑事訴訟
criminal prosecution
刑事起訴
criminal sanctions
刑事處分
criminal suspect
嫌疑犯
attempted
未遂
abduction
誘拐
accomplished offender
既遂犯
accomplished offense
既遂犯罪
accumulative penalty
累積刑罰
adulterous conduct
通姦行為
pareamour
通姦人
inercourse
性交
paleas of guilty
認罪
fugitive
逃犯
imposition
施加懲罰
alibi
不在場證明

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