法學英文-刑事訴訟法、Legal English-Code of Criminal Procedure

以下法學英文中常用的刑事訴訟法單字,以美國法的用語為主,部分為台灣法律英文版所採用的用詞,而中文解釋採用中華民國(台灣)用語。
Words below are common used words in Code of Criminal Procedure. They are mainly based on USA law, and some of them are from English version of Taiwan law. While the Chinese words based on Taiwan (Republic of China) law.
Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure
聯邦刑事訴訟規則
constututional criminal procedure
憲法刑事訴訟
the adversary system
對抗制/抗辯制
the inquisitorial system
審問制
authority principle
職權主義
litigant principle
當事人主義
public prosecution
公訴
private prosecution
私訴
no accusation, no trial
不告不理
prosecutor
檢察官
inverstigation
調查
charge
起訴
arrest
逮捕
law enforcement
執法人員
summon
傳喚
detain
收押
the suspect
嫌疑人
custody
監管
warrant
搜索票
award
裁定
arraignment
初審
the accused
被告人
dismiss of charge
撤銷指控
without delay
毫不遲疑
public defender
公設辯護人
legal assistance
法律協助
misdemeanor
輕罪
plea of guilty
認罪
not guilty
不認罪
not contest
不爭執
preliminary hearings
預審聽證
cash bond
保證金
bail
保釋
proceedings
司法程序
pre-trial motions
審前動議
pleas
主張
inadmissibility of certain evidence
證據不可採用性
jury selection
陪審團挑選
convicted felon
重大犯罪前科
the peremptory challenge
強制迴避
opening statement
開場陳述
prosecutor's case in chief
公訴方
the defendant's case in chief
辯方主訴
cross examination
交互詰問
rebuttal
攻擊
sub-rebuttal
防禦
closing argument
結案證詞
deliberation
評議
verdict
裁決
litigation cost
訴訟成本
unanimous
一致決
majority
多數決
the prosecutor
公訴方
review
再議
double jeopardy
一罪不二審
sentencing
量刑
probation
緩刑
performing public service
公共服務
conviction
判決
higher jurisdiction
上級法院
remedy
救濟
the Supreme Court of the United States
合眾國最高法院
admissibility of evidence
證據可採性
advocate
訴訟代理人
acquittal
無罪判決
affidavit
正式書面陳述
allegation
指控
appellant
上訴人
appellee
被上訴人
array
陪審員名單
arrest warrant
逮捕另
attorney general
檢察長
barrister
出庭律師
bench trial
法官審
collegiate panel
合議庭
contingent fee
勝訴酬金/律師費
continuance
訴訟延期
court fee
訴訟費
evidence for the defense
抗辯證據
evidence for the prosecution
控告證據
evidence in chief
主要證據
evidence in rebuttal
反駁證據
evidence of crime
犯罪證據
evidence of guilt
有罪證據
autopsy
驗屍
character evidence
性格證據
circumstantial evidence
情況證據
conclusive evidence
確鑿的證據
corroborating evidence
補強證據
demonstrative evidence
實物證據
documentary evidence
書面證據
exculpatory evidence
辯解無罪的證據
inculpatory evidence
證明有罪的證據
intrinsic evidence
內部證據
extrinsic evidence
外部證據
hearsay evidence
傳聞證據
expert evidence
專家證據
witness tampering
賄賂證人
witness testimony
證人證詞
adverse witness
敵性證人
inquiry
調查
interrogation
審問訊問
prima facie evidence
表面證據
friendly witness
友性證人

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