法學英文-侵權行為法、Legal English-Tort law

以下法學英文中常用的侵權行為法單字,以美國法的用語為主,部分為台灣法律英文版所採用的用詞,而中文解釋採用中華民國(台灣)用語。
Words below are common used words in tort law. They are mainly based on USA law, and some of them are from English version of Taiwan law. While the Chinese words based on Taiwan (Republic of China) law.
英文單字English words
中文解釋Chinese words
impairment
損傷
tort law
侵權行為法
injure
侵害
damage
侵害
name nad fame
名譽
wrongful act
民事過錯行為
tort case
侵權訴訟
fill loss
填補損害
compensate
填補損害
the injured
受損害人
tortfeasor
侵權行為人
tortfeasance
侵權行為
judical decisions
判例法
the enact of law
法律的制定
Federal Tort Claims Act
聯邦侵權索賠法
tortious liability
侵權責任
intentional liability
故意侵權責任
negligence
過失侵權責任
negligent liability
過失侵權責任
strict liability
嚴格侵權責任
no-fault principle
無過失原則
tortious act
侵權行為
tortious feasance
侵權行為
intentional tort
故意侵權行為
battery
毆打
assault
傷害
false imprisonment
非法監禁
infliction of mental stress
精神傷害
defamation
誹謗
invasion of privacy
侵犯他人隱私
trespass oto real property
侵犯他人土地與財產
copyright infringement
著作權侵犯
negligence tort
過失侵權行為
act of negligence
過失行為
duty of care
注意義務
comparative negligence doctrine
相對過失原則
degree of negligence
過失程度
gross negligence
重大過失
objective negligence
具體輕過失
subjective negligence
抽象輕過失
strict liability tort
嚴格責任
absolute liability
絕對責任
no-fault liability
無過失責任
intention
故意
dangerous product tort
危險物品侵權責任
product tort
產品責任
consent
同意
self defense
自衛
justifiable defense
正當防衛
emergency avoidance
緊急避難
neceesity
必要性
contributory negligence
加工過失
comparative negligence
比較過失
assumption of risk
自冒風險
foreseeable risk
可預見風險
predictable risk
可預見風險
highly risky
高風險的
distribution of risk
分散風險
allocation of risk
分散風險
tort action
侵權訴訟
tort relief
侵權救濟
personal tort
人身侵權
property tort
財產侵權
constituional tort
憲法上的侵權
husband-wife tort
夫妻侵權行為
maritime tort
海上侵權行為
automobile tort
汽車侵權行為
joint tortfeasor
共同侵權行為人
neglect
疏忽
negligent act
過失行為
negligence perse
當然過失
imputed negligence
轉嫁過失
concurrent negligence
競合過失
culpable negligence
有罪責的過失
reckless negligence
魯莽的過失
wanton negligence
惡意的過失
willful negligence
故意過失
denfense to negligence
對過失的抗辯
obvious risk
顯著危險
laiability insurance
責任保險
liability created by statute
法定責任
liability imposed by law
法定責任
liabilty limits
責任限度
liability without fault
無過錯責任
limited liability
有限責任
primary liabilty
主要責任
second liability
次要責任
vicarious liability
替代責任

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